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The Five “P’s” of Better Wildlife Photography

We have seen a few different slogans relating to the five “P’s” for improving photography in general such as ‘Proper Planning Prevents Poor Performance’ or ‘Proper Planning Produces Perfect Photos’ but nothing detailed or specific to wildlife photography.

“Wild Africa” captured by Theodore Mattas (Click Image to See More From Theodore Mattas)

We therefore compiled the following list of five “P’s” that if followed, will assist you in capturing better wildlife photographs.

Passion – This is the critical element because if you are passionate about photography, animals and being in wilderness areas the other four elements will come naturally. Photography is also about sharing your passions with the world through your photographs, and wildlife photography provides you the opportunity to capture pictures that say “Wow,” and pass that on to other people.

Patience – In order to see animals such as Africa’s big-five, super-seven or elusive-eleven you must be prepared to drive slowly and to sit for long periods of time at waterholes and hides. You must also be prepared to be patient under harsh conditions. For example, we photographed a cheetah chasing and killing a springbok in the Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park, which took four hours in the midday heat of summer! We also sit at waterholes in Etosha until after midnight in order to get photographs of unusual animals. That takes patience but we are rewarded with superb photographs!

Practice – the saying practice makes perfect is so true. You cannot expect to come on an African safari not having used your camera and lenses regularly in the previous months. We live close to the Kruger Park and Pilanesberg Game Reserve so we are able to go on safaris regularly. There are, however, many other opportunities for you to keep in practice even if you do not live close to a national park. You can photograph your pets, insects and birds in the garden, landscapes, sunsets, the moon and lightning. And just because you are a wildlife photographer doesn’t mean you shouldn’t photograph other subjects such as people, motor cars and airplanes in order to keep in practice!

Preparation – You need to know how your camera works and how to use it. This means reading your camera manual and then reading photo books, online photo tutorials, site guides/park guides, books on animal behavior, e-books and reading or listening to interviews done by professional wildlife photographers.

Purpose – When we first started going on self-drive photo safaris we had no purpose. We would leave camp in the morning and drive around all day looking for subjects. Our motto was ‘if it moves we will photograph it!” This is termed ‘subject-driven photography’ – we see a subject and we photograph it regardless of the lighting conditions or where the subject is or what it is doing. Subject-driven photography is not wrong – it is just not appropriate for wildlife photography. It works with studio photography and even with macro photography where you control the lighting and subject placement.

Photo captured by Theodore Mattas (Click Image to See More From Theodore Mattas)

In wildlife photography you must have a purpose and that is termed ‘situation-driven’ photography. Our purpose has now moved from subject-driven to situation or light-driven photography. We look for subjects in good light as our purpose is to get good photographs of any animal. We have often driven past lion sightings and the people who have stopped look at us in amazement! We do not want bad photographs of lions but want to rather find other subjects in good lighting, thereby providing us with WOW photographs.

These 5 “P’s” have been our formula for improving our wildlife photographs and they can be yours as well. If you have the passion the other four P’s should automatically be achievable by you.

About the Author:
Mario Fazekas ( is a wildlife photographer living in South Africa.

[via PictureCorrect Photography Tips]

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